This is the third installment of a series of articles unpacking Tony Morgan's and The Unstuck Group's research of growing and declining churches. We discussed differences in ministry reach and ministry connections the last few days. Today, we want to share differences Tony found around ministry leadership. Oftentimes, we tend to see what we expect to see. These findings might surprise us, but the truth helps us make changes to continue being effective in reaching people with the good news of Jesus and growing disciples.
As a reminder, these findings are from data we’ve collected from churches that have either grown or declined in attendance by more than five percent in the last year. The differences I’m going to highlight have nothing to do with the size of the churches. Both sets of data include churches that are smaller than 100 in attendance and larger than 2,000.
Here are some of the key differences we found when it comes to ministry leadership:
- Growing churches have fewer paid staff members than declining churches. Actually, it’s quite a bit fewer. Growing churches hire one staff person for every 71 people in attendance. Declining churches hire one staff person for every 50 people in attendance. In other words, a declining church with 1,000 people in attendance would have 6 more paid staff members than a growing church with the same attendance.
- Growing churches develop and empower more leaders. The churches that are growing have one leader for every 11 people in attendance. Declining churches only have one leader for every 19 people in attendance. In all the data I analyzed, this appears to be the most significant difference between growing and healthy churches. In other words, the span of care (for leading, mentoring, discipling, etc.) is far healthier in growing churches.
- Declining churches have twice as many committees. Growing churches have streamlined their governance structure to eliminate unnecessary committees and the meetings that go with them. This allows these churches to be more nimble when it comes to decision-making. Tough decisions that impact the overall health of the church don’t get bogged down in various layers of bureaucracy.
- Growing church haves smaller church boards. The average size of the church board in growing churches is six people. The average size in declining churches is eight people. The data confirms what my gut has known for some time—giving more people a voice in decisions about spiritual matters and ministry strategy does not improve the church’s health. In fact, it makes it worse in almost every instance.
Of all of these differences, the one that jumped out to me the most on this list was the bullet related to staffing. One would expect that growing churches would hire more staff. The direct opposite is true. Why is this the case?
Here are a couple of my observations regarding staffing:
Declining churches tend to have many more ministry programs.
The more programs and events that a church offers, the more staff are required to support these efforts. Then when staff are hired, they tend to create additional programming and events to justify their positions. It’s a vicious cycle that’s difficult to break.
Secondly, declining churches don’t tend to right-size their staffing.
One of the churches we served had attendance decline for several years to the point the church was half the size it was about five years ago. In that same time, though, no staffing adjustments were made to reduce the number of employees.
Finally, when churches maintain a lean staff, they tend to hire stronger leaders.
In other words, they’ve learned they can accomplish more through fewer leaders who know how to develop and empower lay leaders and volunteer teams. That’s why it didn’t surprise me that growing churches also do better at leadership development and maintaining healthy span-of-care ratios. The side benefit to having fewer, stronger leaders is that churches can also afford to pay those leaders more.
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Find the original article "Differences Between Growing & Declining Churches: Ministry Leadership at The Unstuck Group.